Arabian (Dromedary) Camel

The Dromedary camel is a large camel, or ungulate as they are also called, and is often called just the Arabian camel.
It is sometimes simply called the “one hump” for the fact that it has just one hump, as opposed to the two humps of the Bactrian camel.

The Dromedary camel has a range that is not entirely clear, but it is mostly likely that it ranges over most of the Arabian Peninsula.
The domesticated variety of the Dromedary is used widely in Northern Africa as well as the middle east for beasts of burden, the people there relying on the fact that they can go for long periods without needing a drink of water.
Dromedary camel
Dromedary camel
There is also a feral population of Dromedary that was introduced into Australia, so they are now Australian animals as well.The Dromedary camel is probably the best known of the camel family. Some other members of the camel family are also used as beasts of burden, or animals who carry things, as well as people. Some of the cousins to the camel are the llama, the alpaca, both from South American, as well as the Bactrian camel.

The adult Dromedary will grow to as much as about 6-6.5 feet at the shoulder while the females will be a bit smaller, about 5-6 feet.

The weight for males is about 500-600 K.(1100-1300 pounds) while the females will be about 1000-1200 pounds at maturity.

The Dromedary is remarkably adaptable in their body temperature as well as in their water usage. They can go for several days without taking in water before they begin to show any signs of it.

The male of the dromedaries has a softer palate, which is used to produce a deep pink colored sack that is sometimes mistaken for their tongues.

This is called a doula, and hangs from the side of their mouths. It is used for attracting mates.

The dromedary breeds about every other year and usually produces only one, but sometimes twin offspring.

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