Category: Ground Mammals


The smallest breed of dog is the Chihuahua. It is named after the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. There are no breed standards for Chihuahuas. As a result, height varies between Chihuahuas. However, the general height of these dogs are between 6 to 10 inches. However, some can grow as tall as 15 inches. They cannot

Suffolk Punch

Also known as the Suffolk Sorrel or the Suffolk Horse, the Suffolk Punch is a breed of draught horse from England. Its name is from Suffolk county in East Anglia, and the name “Punch” refers to its strength and solid appearance. The Suffolk Punch horse is a breed from England The Suffolk Punch was developed


The Seorsumuscardinus is a rodent that lived during the Early Miocene. It is known through its fossile dormice which was discovered in Europe. 2 species of Seorsumuscardinus are known through a number of isolated teeth. The distribution of the Seorsumuscardinus These teeth were characterised by its long transverse crests. One of these crests distinguished these


Also known as the Avelignese, the Haflinger is a horse from Austria and northern Italy which was developed in the late 19th century. These relatively small horse breed’s ancestry traces back to the Middle Ages. There are several theories as to why this horse was bred including its hardiness and use for mountainous terrain. Their

Giant fossa

The giant fossa is an extinct species from Madagascar. This carnivore belongs to the family Eupleridae which is closely related to the mongoose. It was first scientifically described by Guillaume Grandidier in 1902. In 1935, it was recognised as a totally separate species of its own by Petit. It is not known when the giant

Lower California Rice Rat

The Lower California Rice Rat, also known by its scientific name, Oryzomys peninsulae, is a rodent species from western Mexico. Its known distribution range is restricted to the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula. Only 21 individual specimens have been collected around 1900. Any kind of destruction in its riverine habitat may have driven

Gorgas’s Rice Rat

Gorgas’s Rice Rat, also known as Gorgas’s Oryzomys or Oryzomys gorgasi is a rodent that belongs to the family Cricetidae. It was first collected alive in 1967 and is only known to inhabit a few locations such as a freshwater swamp in the lowlands of north-western Colombia as well as a mangrove islet in north-western

Grey Rice Rat

The Grey Rice Rat (also known as Marañon Oryzomys) is a rodent that belongs to the tribe Oryzomyini. It was first discovered in 1912, and a year later it was first formerly described by Wilfred Osgood. The limited distribution of the Grey Rice Rat The Grey Rice Rat is a big rice rat with a

Thomas’s Rice Rat

Also known as the Nicaraguan Oryzomys or the Nicaraguan Rice Rat, Thomas’s Rice Rat is a rodent that belongs to the genus Oryzomys. Not much information is known about this species, as only 3 specimens have been recovered since 1904. These specimens were all collected from south-eastern Nicaragua. The yellow dot is where Thomas's Rice

Vespucci’s Rodent

Vespucci’s Rodent is an extinct rodent species that comes from Fernando de Noronha which is in north-eastern Brazil. It is thought that the Italian Explorer, Amerigo Vespucci, saw this rat while he was visiting Fernando de Noronha in 1503. unfortunately, it has become extinct. There were numerous fossils found of this animal which were dated

Coues’ Rice Rat

Coues’ Rice Rat or Oryzomys couesi is a semi-aquatic rat that occurs between north-western Colombia, Central America, Mexico, and southern-most Texas. This rat was first scientifically described in 1977 by Edward Alston. Coues' Rice Rat amongst vegetation Coues’ Rice Rat is a large – medium sized rat that can have a head to body length

Marsh Rice Rat

A semi-aquatic rodent found in North America is the marsh rice rat. This rodent is found on the southern and eastern side of the USA as well as north-east Mexico. It was first discovered in 1816 by John Bachman, but it was only formally scientifically described in 1837. Since then, several sub-species have been described


The Oryzomys is a genus of semi-aquatic rodents that belong to the Oryzomyini tribe. These rodents live in southern North America to northern South America. There are 8 species of Oryzomys in the world, 2 of which are marsh rice rats which have various ranges, some of which overlap each other. An Oryzomys palustris in

Cleveland Bay

Originating from England in the 17th century, the Cleveland Bay is a horse that was named after its colouring (bay) and the Cleveland district in Yorkshire. This horse is well-muscled, and it is the oldest established horse breed in England. It is also the only non-draught horse that was developed in Great Britain. Sharing a

Hammond’s Rice Rat

Hammond’s Rice Rat is also known as Hammond’s Orzyomys. It is a rodent species that belongs to the tribe, Oryzomyini of the family, Cricetidae. It is only known to occur in Ecuador’s montane forest. It is reported to live on the ground and is associated with water and lives in trees. It has a large,