Month: October 2010

Gyromitra esculenta

The Gyromitra esculenta is one of several fungi species that are also known as false morsels. They are widely found in both Europe and North America. Gyromitra esculenta normally sprout in sandy soils under coniferous trees during the spring and early summer. Its fruiting body (mushroom) has quite a distinct look from a regular mushroom.


Also known as the Malagasy aardvark or bibymalagasy, the Plesiorycteropus is a recently extinct mammal from Madagascar. Knowledge of the skeletol anatomy of the Plesiorycteropus is limited, as only partial skeletons have been recovered to date. Reconstruction of the mysterious Pleistocene mammal, Plesiorycteropus madagascarensis, as an aardvark-like animal. It was first described as Plesiorycteropus madagascariensis

Loggerhead sea turtle

The loggerhead sea turtle, simply known as ‘loggerhead’, is a type of oceanic turtle that can be found around the world. This marine reptile belongs to the family Cheloniidae. It is the largest hard-shelled turtle in the world. The loggerhead turtle is the largest hard shelled turtle in the world The loggerhead sea turtle grows

Zino’s Petrel

Also known as the Freira, the Zino’s Petrel is a small seabird that is endemic to Madeira. It is Europe’s most endangered seabird, as it is only restricted to a few ledges in the central mountains of the island of Madeira. Zino's Petrel is the most endangered bird species in Europe Zino’s Petrel has large

Triaenops menamena

Trianeops menamena is a species of bat that is found in Madagascar. It was previously known as Triaenops rufus until 2009, until it was discovered that it was actually a different subspecies. It was first described as a different type of bat by Goodman and Ranivo in 2009. The only known locality of the Triaenops

Death Cap

More commonly known as the ‘death cap’, the Amanita phalloides is a deadly type of fungus that is in the genus, Amanita. These fungi are found widely across Europe, and can be found near trees with broad leaves. They have also been accidentally introduced into regions with non-native species such as chestnut, oak, and pine.

Lund’s Amphibious Rat

The Lundomys molitor, also known as Lund’s Amphibious Rat or the Greater Marsh Rat is a rat species that is semi-aquatic. I is native to south-eastern South America, however its current distribution is now restricted to some parts of Brazil and Uruguay. In the past, its range was from Brazil to Argentina. Lectotype partial cranium

Ruffed Lemur

Ruffed lemurs are the largest extant lemurs within the Lemuridae family. Like all other living lemurs, they are endemic to Madagascar. There are two species of ruffed lemurs that are now recognised – the black and white ruffed lemur and its 3 subspecies, as well as the red ruffed lemur. Black and White Lemur Ruffed

Guinea pig

Also known as a cavy, the guinea pig is a rodent species that belongs to the genus, Cavia. Their name is a bit misleading as they do not come from Guinea, and nor are they pigs at all. They actually originated in the Andes, and biochemistry and hybridisation studies suggest that they are actually descendants

Bog Turtle

The bog turtle is a semi-aquatic turtle that is native to the eastern part of the United States of America. It was first described by Johann David Schoepf in 1801 after a survey conducted in Pennsylvania during the 18th century. The bog turtle is the smallest turtle in North Ameica This creature is the smallest


The Huia was the largest species of New Zealand wattlebird. It was endemic to New Zealand’s North Island until the early 20th century. The last confirmed sighting of a Huia was in 1907 at the Tararua Ranges. There were credible sightings reported in 1922 near Wellington, and the last reported sighting was in the early


The cockatoo is a general term used to describe any of the 21 species that belongs to the bird family called Cacatuidae. Along with the Psittacidae (true parrots) and the Strigopidae (New Zealand parrots), they make up the parrot order, Psittaciformes. The members of the cockatoo family are distriburted in mostly Australasia, rangng from the

Eurasian Treecreeper

Also known as the Common Treecreeper or just ‘Treecreeper’ for short, the Eurasian Treecreeper is a small bird that is the only living member of its genus. There are about 9 different subspecies found over temperate Europe and Asia. This bird is found in the temperate environments in Europe and Asia These birds are small

Red-legged Pademelon

The Red-legged Pademelon is a small species of macropod that is found in New Guinea and Australia. Unfortunately, not a lot is known about this creature. However, what we do know is that there are four subspecies of the Red-legged Pademelon. Mother and joey Red-legged Pademelon These 4 subspecies are split up into regions. Thylogale

Kirk’s Dik Dik

Kirk’s Dik Dik is a type of small antelope that is native to eastern and south-western Africa. Their habitat includes dry terrain with dense, high brush and kopjes in East Africa. This animal was first described by Günther in 1880. Although they have a slightly unusual name, this was coined due to the fact that